Providing Hope for Young Cancer Patients

There is perhaps nothing more devastating for parents than a diagnosis of cancer in a child. From benign thyroid nodules to pituitary tumours, your child will be in skilled, caring hands at Health City Cayman Islands.

Some of the conditions we treat include:

Endocrine tumours
These tumours can arise in the glands of the endocrine system, which includes the thyroid, adrenal, pituitary and parathyroid glands. These glands produce various hormones that are essential for the body’s growth, metabolism and sexual development. Tumours arising from the endocrine system can be benign or malignant. Cancerous endocrine tumours are very rare in children, with thyroid cancers being the most common. Thyroid cancer is a rare disease in children younger than 10 and is more common in adolescents ages 15 to 19. Multiple endocrine neoplasias are inherited conditions that can cause tumours in multiple glands. Endocrine cancer treatment is specific to the type of tumour, but generally involves surgery, medication, and radioactive iodine for some thyroid cancers.
Thyroid nodules
In most cases, the small- to moderate-sized nodule is an overgrowth of normal thyroid tissue, or a sign that there is too little hormone being produced. Some nodules are cysts, which are filled with fluid rather than thyroid tissue. They are very common, affecting one in 12 young women and one in 40 young men. Only 5% of thyroid nodules are cancerous. In most cases, they do not cause serious symptoms unless too little thyroid hormone is being produced.
Pituitary tumours
The pituitary gland has an essential role in the maintenance of homeostasis and reproductive function. Pituitary tumours (a type of endocrine tumour) are very rare in childhood and adolescence. The two most common pediatric pituitary gland tumours are craniopharyngiomas and pituitary adenomas. Pituitary tumours can be either non-functioning or secrete too much hormone – the latter can cause gigantism or Cushing’s disease. Although pituitary tumours in children are rarely malignant and hormonal secretion is uncommon, these tumours may result in significant morbidity due to endocrine dysfunction during a vulnerable period of development.
This is a type of tumour that grows most often inside the adrenal glands, with about 10% of tumours growing elsewhere in the body. Most cases are of unknown origin, but about 25 to 35% are familial, attributed to inherited autosomal dominant traits resulting from genetic disruptions or mutations. Release of high levels of epinephrine and norepinephrine cause symptoms. Many patients experience three classic symptoms: headache, sweating, and heart palpitations in association with clinically elevated blood pressure (hypertension).

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Please call us at 1 (345) 640-4040, or fill out our simple contact form to find out more about the pediatric endocrinology services we offer for a wide spectrum of conditions and disorders.